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John Chapter 18 Study by SHALOM





John Chapter 18 Read John 18: 1-2 1When he had finished praying, Jesus left with his disciples and crossed the Kidron Valley. On the other side there was an olive grove, and he and his disciples went into it. 2Now Judas, who betrayed him, knew the place, because Jesus had often met there with his disciples. During Passover the Kidron Valley that Jesus is crossing would be red from all the Passover Lambs being sacrificed, this would be a reminder to Him that soon He was going to be the Sacrificial Passover Lamb for all Matthew 26:14-16 – Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus 14Then one of the Twelve, the one called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests 15and asked, "What are you willing to give me if I hand him over to you?" So they counted out for him thirty silver coins. 16From then on Judas watched for an opportunity to hand him over. Read John 18: 3-8 3So Judas came to the grove, guiding a detachment of soldiers and some officials from the chief priests and Pharisees. They were carrying torches, lanterns and weapons.4Jesus, knowing all that was going to happen to him, went out and asked them, "Who is it you want?" 5"Jesus of Nazareth," they replied. "I am he," Jesus said. (And Judas the traitor was standing there with them.) 6When Jesus said, "I am he," they drew back and fell to the ground. 7Again he asked them, "Who is it you want?" And they said, "Jesus of Nazareth." 8"I told you that I am he," Jesus answered. "If you are looking for me, then let these men go." 9This happened so that the words he had spoken would be fulfilled: "I have not lost one of those you gave me." V 3 Kind of funny how they need torches and lanterns to find the light of the world. V 3 It was actually illegal for judges to participate in the arrest of the accused. But they wanted Jesus so bad that, they who were concerned for the law, broke the law. V 3 It was illegal to carry weapons on the feast day. How would you feel if someone betrayed you for money? Judas was with Jesus probably 3 years and seen all He had done and now he is betraying Him, sure Jesus knew what was going to happen, but it had to be the ultimate slap in the face for Jesus. ( Quote ) Love is whatever you can still betray. Betrayal can only happen if you love. John LeCarre I think people that hurt the greatest, are the ones who love the greatest, it wouldn’t hurt if you didn’t love and trust the one betraying you. V 4 says Jesus knew what was going to happen to Him, these people didn’t kill Jesus, He gave His life, He wasn’t suicidal, He knew that He was the only hope for all mankind. Jesus is called the second Adam, the first Adam had an encounter with Satan in the Garden of Eden and failed, but Jesus, the second Adam has an encounter with Satan in the Garden of Gethsemene and though it seems at the moment liked He’s failed, Jesus wins the victory. V 5 They used a traitor to arrest Jesus. Exodus 23:6-8 6 "Do not deny justice to your poor people in their lawsuits. 7 Have nothing to do with a false charge and do not put an innocent or honest person to death, for I will not acquit the guilty. 8 "Do not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds those who see and twists the words of the righteous. V 6 I love how everybody falls when Jesus says “I AM HE”. I think when He says I AM, they all fell to the ground because the Creator of the universe is speaking, the great I AM. Jesus authority over all things was loud and clear right here. They came to arrest the One who created them, but they could do no more than Jesus allowed them to do. V 8 Take Me, let these men go, this is the same love He will show us on the Cross. V 9 - John 6:39 39And this is the will of him who sent me, that I shall lose none of all that he has given me, but raise them up at the last day. Read John 18: 10-11 10Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest's servant, cutting off his right ear. (The servant's name was Malchus.) 11Jesus commanded Peter, "Put your sword away! Shall I not drink the cup the Father has given me?" Luke 22:51 But Jesus answered, "No more of this!" And he touched the man's ear and healed him. Peter’s first reaction is to use his sword, Peter’s sword was most likely 18” long, weighed about 5 lbs and was designed to split a skull that had a helmet on. Peter might have been trying to kill Malchus. Jesus could have protected Himself from these men, He didn’t need Peter’s help. I think sometimes we try to do what we think is right and in the end we do more damage than good. Peter had zeal without knowledge. Peter tried to use his sword to show his faithfulness to Jesus. Jesus does not condone the use of violence to show our faithfulness to Him. The false god of islam calls the muslims to violence, but in Christianity, God is the One who will administer justice. Look at the reaction of Jesus, He heals this man who came out against Him. I played Malchus in the play we did and I tried to put myself in his place, this man must have been absolutely stunned when Peter cut his ear off and that Jesus healed him immediately. He must have thought, “What just happened to me.” Read John 18: 12-14 12Then the detachment of soldiers with its commander and the Jewish officials arrested Jesus. They bound him 13and brought him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year. 14Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews that it would be good if one man died for the people. V 12 Binding a person before they were condemned was illegal unless they showed resistance, Jesus never resisted them. They should have bound Peter at this point, but they are so concerned about getting rid of Jesus that they don’t even bother to arrest Peter for cutting off Malchus’ ear. V 13 They should never have taken Jesus to Annas, he was not the high priest. What they did hear is illegal and foreign to Jewish laws. The High Priests Annas and Caiaphas Annas was a notorious, political, and religious patriarch and had family ties to the area. Having served as High Priest for the nation of Israel from A.D. 6 to 15, Annas had four sons who followed him in that office. The Jewish High Priests no longer held office for life, but were chosen by the Roman rulers. The office was a matter for contention, intrigue, bribery and corruption. At the time of the crucifixion of our Lord, Annas' son-in-law Caiaphas held the title of High Priest. The selling of sacrificial animals outside the temple was under the control of Annas and was even referred to as Annas' Bazaar. This ruling family was generally hated. Barclay's commentary says there is a passage in the Talmad which says: "Woe to the house of Annas! Woe to their serpent's hiss! They are high priests; their sons are keepers of the treasury; their sons-in-law are guardians of the Temple; and their servants beat the people with staves." Remember Jesus turned over the money changers tables and Annas was the man who would have been affected most by it. He was like an underground Jewish mafia leader. V 14 At this point they should have taken Jesus to a judge, it was a judges duty to see that a prisoners interests were protected. But remember they brought a judge with them to arrest Jesus, they had this planned out in every detail to condemn Him swiftly. Read John 18: 15-18 15Simon Peter and another disciple were following Jesus. Because this disciple was known to the high priest, he went with Jesus into the high priest's courtyard, 16but Peter had to wait outside at the door. The other disciple, who was known to the high priest, came back, spoke to the girl on duty there and brought Peter in. 17"You are not one of his disciples, are you?" the girl at the door asked Peter. He replied, "I am not." 18It was cold, and the servants and officials stood around a fire they had made to keep warm. Peter also was standing with them, warming himself. Now earlier Peter was as bold as a warrior with his sword, and now before a girl, he is a coward. I think Peter didn’t understand that Jesus was going to give Himself over to them willingly, and now he’s not sure what to do or how to act. Peter would later go on to be very bold for Christ and will eventually die for Him. Read John 18: 19-24 19Meanwhile, the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching. 20"I have spoken openly to the world," Jesus replied. "I always taught in synagogues or at the temple, where all the Jews come together. I said nothing in secret. 21Why question me? Ask those who heard me. Surely they know what I said." 22When Jesus said this, one of the officials nearby struck him in the face. "Is this the way you answer the high priest?" he demanded. 23"If I said something wrong," Jesus replied, "testify as to what is wrong. But if I spoke the truth, why did you strike me?" 24Then Annas sent him, still bound, to Caiaphas the high priest. V 22 The use of violence was irregular and illegal when conducting a trial, still the judges did not oppose it. Jesus was asserting His legal right and was struck in the face for it. It was the high priest duty to call witnesses, instead they tried to get Jesus to testify against Himself. Their whole system of law failed, they were nothing short of a lynch mob. V 24 The trial should have been held in the council chamber but instead they held it in Caiaphas home. Again, illegal. Read John 18: 25-27 25As Simon Peter stood warming himself, he was asked, "You are not one of his disciples, are you?" He denied it, saying, "I am not." 26One of the high priest's servants, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, challenged him, "Didn't I see you with him in the olive grove?" 27Again Peter denied it, and at that moment a rooster began to crow. This is a moment in time that Peter will never forget, right then he would have remembered what Jesus said to him. Jesus built His Church upon Peter, The Rock, even when we fail, God in His mercy can still use us to do great things for Him. Read John 18: 28 28Then the Jews led Jesus from Caiaphas to the palace of the Roman governor. By now it was early morning, and to avoid ceremonial uncleanness the Jews did not enter the palace; they wanted to be able to eat the Passover. It was illegal to conduct a trial at night and on a feast day. Roman trials were public, but if the priest would have entered a Gentile home during the Passover and there was any leavened bread, it would have made them ceremonially unclean according to their laws. That’s a funny thing to be concerned about for a priest who had murder on his mind. Read John 18: 29-32 29So Pilate came out to them and asked, "What charges are you bringing against this man?" 30"If he were not a criminal," they replied, "we would not have handed him over to you." 31Pilate said, "Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law." "But we have no right to execute anyone," the Jews objected. 32This happened so that the words Jesus had spoken indicating the kind of death he was going to die would be fulfilled. V 30 With no evidence they render Jesus guilty. V 31 Here they even admit that they have no right to execute anyone, yet they were not going to stop until Jesus was killed. They pushed for crucifixion so He would be cursed. Deuteronomy 21:22-23 22 If a man guilty of a capital offense is put to death and his body is hung on a tree, 23 you must not leave his body on the tree overnight. Be sure to bury him that same day, because anyone who is hung on a tree is under God's curse. You must not desecrate the land the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance. Galatians 3:13 13Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us, for it is written: "Cursed is everyone who is hung on a tree." V 32 - Luke 18:31-34 31Jesus took the Twelve aside and told them, "We are going up to Jerusalem, and everything that is written by the prophets about the Son of Man will be fulfilled. 32He will be handed over to the Gentiles. They will mock him, insult him, spit on him, flog him and kill him. 33On the third day he will rise again." 34The disciples did not understand any of this. Its meaning was hidden from them, and they did not know what he was talking about. Read John 18:33-37 33Pilate then went back inside the palace, summoned Jesus and asked him, "Are you the king of the Jews?" 34"Is that your own idea," Jesus asked, "or did others talk to you about me?" 35"Am I a Jew?" Pilate replied. "It was your people and your chief priests who handed you over to me. What is it you have done?" 36Jesus said, "My kingdom is not of this world. If it were, my servants would fight to prevent my arrest by the Jews. But now my kingdom is from another place." 37"You are a king, then!" said Pilate. Jesus answered, "You are right in saying I am a king. In fact, for this reason I was born, and for this I came into the world, to testify to the truth. Everyone on the side of truth listens to me." The Jewish priest’s wanted to make it seem as though Jesus claimed Himself a King so Pilate would have to see Him as a threat to Rome. Pilate doesn’t even want anything to do with this case, but the Jewish priest’s were hoping Pilate would deliver a death sentence. One of the biggest keys to living a Christian life is to be ruled by God, politics will only determine how we live here on earth, even at that it is only what God will allow, I am a strong supporter of getting involved and letting the politicians know what we think, I want the youth to have the same freedoms we have enjoyed, but even so, I know that my mind has to be focused on God, not this world. God will determine how we live for eternity. Jesus was clear about His Kingdom, everyone on the side of Truth will listen to Jesus and be part of His Eternal Kingdom. Read John 18:38-40 38"What is truth?" Pilate asked. With this he went out again to the Jews and said, "I find no basis for a charge against him. 39But it is your custom for me to release to you one prisoner at the time of the Passover. Do you want me to release 'the king of the Jews'?" 40They shouted back, "No, not him! Give us Barabbas!" Now Barabbas had taken part in a rebellion. Pilate was on thin ice, he didn’t want to charge Jesus, and yet if there is an uprising by releasing Him, Caesar would have pulled Pilate out of his position for lack of control over the people. These people are so far gone that they would actually have a murderer released from prison rather than Jesus, who they have seen do all these miracles.









Copyright © by Crossroad2Faith All Right Reserved.

Published on: 2010-04-12 (704 reads)

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