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John Chapter 13 Study by SHALOM

John Chapter 13 Read John 13:1-17 Verse 1 Jesus knew His disciples would forsake Him, but knowing this did not change His love because it was not based on anything that was true of them. His love is based on who He is, the Creator of all. Jesus washes the feet of the Disciples. The other Gospels record the Disciples arguing about who would be greatest in the Kingdom of Heaven, they’re pride was popping up, but Jesus showed them humility. Peter feels unworthy to have Jesus wash his feet. If Peter wouldn’t allow Jesus to wash his feet then how could Peter allow Jesus to die for him. The task of washing the feet was reserved for Gentile slaves and servants, a Teacher would not require this of a Disciple, much less a Disciple from a Teacher. The Disciples would not have understood why Jesus would wash their feet. They only knew it was typically the job of a slave to do so. Washing someone else’s feet was an act of humility. Jesus tells them that no servant is greater than his master, if Jesus humbled Himself then we should also. This should be the attitude of those who follow Jesus, a humble servant, we need to serve one another. Philippians 2:7 but made himself nothing, taking the very nature of a servant…. Verse 4 says He took off His outer clothes and wrapped a towel around His waist, this is picture of how Jesus, though He is LORD, laid aside the clothes of the Glory and put on the towel of a servant. Physical uncleanness is not the problem; it is their spiritual cleanliness which is needed." Can you imagine what Jesus was thinking while washing the feet of Judas, verse 2 says the devil had already prompted Judas to betray Jesus. Knowing this, Jesus washed Judas feet anyways. I think Jesus was also showing them an example of how He was going to wash away the sins of the world. The Bible tells us that Adam was made from the dust of the earth, Jesus is washing off the dust and dirt from their feet, in a sense you see a picture of Jesus washing away the sin of Adam from the Disciples. Verse 11 shows us how Jesus can offer to clean us and how we can reject what He has done for us. Judas was not willing to be a servant but rather self serving. Judas seemed to focused on the earthly things rather than the Spiritual things. He walked with Jesus and seen first hand all the miracles Jesus done, heard all His teachings, yet, apparently that was not enough for him to give his all to Jesus. Judas can’t say, “the devil made me do it”, the fact is Judas had free will and he chose to follow the devil. Judas was a Disciple on the outside and a devil on the inside. Acts 1:25 to take over this apostolic ministry, which Judas left to go where he belongs." Judas had an opportunity to be somebody great and tossed it aside to follow his own desire Verse 17 Acts 20:35 35In everything I did, I showed you that by this kind of hard work we must help the weak, remembering the words the Lord Jesus himself said: 'It is more blessed to give than to receive.' " Read John 13:18-21 Verse 18 - Jesus revealed who would betray Him, by doing so He shows that He is in control and not taken by surprise. Jesus quotes Psalm 41:9 which is a prophecy about Judas betraying Him. Psalm 41:9 9 Even my close friend, whom I trusted, he who shared my bread, has lifted up his heel against me. Verse 19 – Again He says He is telling these things so they will believe. Verse 20 – By accepting Jesus, we accept God Himself. Verse 21 – Have you ever been betrayed by someone you trusted? I can think of numerous times I had friends that I trusted that betrayed me. I can see these Disciples immediately thinking, “it’s not me” and then reevaluating their every thought in the last few days to see if there was any indication it was them. Matthew and Mark both record Jesus saying “woe to the one who betrays the Son of man, it would be better for him if he were never born”. The same is true of anyone who would reject Jesus, it would be better that they were never born, they have the same fate as Judas. Read John 13:22-30 In a ceremonial meal setting like this Jesus and His Disciples would have been reclining around a U shape table, the host would sit at the middle of the U and to His left His guest of first honor would have been where Judas was sitting. The guest of second honor would have been to His right where John was sitting. Giving Judas the dipped bread would have been an act of special honor, like a toast. Jesus may have been giving Judas an opportunity to repent by showing him great love, or maybe to show that Judas would be without excuse for his actions. Judas did not submit himself to God’s will. James 4:7 Submit yourselves, then, to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. So how did Satan get a foot hold on Judas? Remember what we read in John 12:6. John 12:6 6He did not say this because he cared about the poor but because he was a thief; as keeper of the money bag, he used to help himself to what was put into it. Judas wasn’t resisting the devil at all but left plenty of room for Satan to get in, he was selfish, greedy, and a thief. Verse 27 - Satan entered Judas as soon as he took the bread. What a wicked act, to betray the One who honored you. Jesus lived what He said, He told us to love our enemies, and He did it. I am convinced that 90% of being Christian is doing the opposite of what our flesh tells us to do. Judas is an example of those who reject Jesus, we could never say we didn’t have an opportunity to repent, or that we never had a good example to go by. Verse 30 – Says Judas went out into the night. Sin casts out the sinner, this has been true since the beginning of time, Adam and Eve were cast out of the Garden of Eden because of they’re sin. When sin enters a man’s heart, if he don’t deal with it properly he could be cast out from his wife and kids, out of fellowship in the Church, or out of Studying the Word of God and if sin is continued it can cast him into eternal darkness. Judas was prompted by the devil in verse 2, by verse 27 he had given himself over Satan and verse 30 says he went out into the night, to betray Jesus. Prompting to sin - temptation Given yourself over to sin – Justifying sin Acting out the sin – Manifestation of sin Lets look at what God tells us about sin in Genesis Genesis 4:6-8 6 Then the LORD said to Cain, "Why are you angry? Why is your face downcast? 7 If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must master it." 8 Now Cain said to his brother Abel, "Let's go out to the field." And while they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him. Cain was not only tempted to sin, he had already justified killing Able, then we see the manifestation. But look what God says right before that. Sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must master it. Ephesians 4:26-27 "In your anger do not sin": Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry, 27and do not give the devil a foothold. Read John 13:31-38 Verse 31, 32 - Jesus was in control of what was about to happen to Him. It was His desire to be obedient to His Father’s will and to Glorify God and Himself, by fulfilling the prophecies concerning Him going all the way back to Genesis. He was about to destroy the grip of sin and crush Satan’s head. Judas had given himself completely over to Satan, but Jesus gave Himself completely over to God. Verse 33 – The Disciples are not understanding the gravity of the moment, Jesus is about to fulfill His destiny, and the Disciples are probably saying “what’s He talking about”. Understand these Disciples would have left everything behind to follow Jesus, Family’s, Houses, Job’s, Property, friends, and now He’s telling them that they can’t come with Him. Notice Jesus say’s “my children”, this also shows He was God in the flesh. Verse 34 – Jews would know the Old Testament scripture about loving your neighbor. Leviticus 19:18 " 'Do not seek revenge or bear a grudge against one of your people, but love your neighbor as yourself. I am the LORD. Jesus says, a new command I give to you, so what was different about what Jesus says here in verse 34 compared to Leviticus 19:18? The key is when Jesus says as I have loved you. Even when He is being nailed to the Cross, He says, Father forgive them for they know not what they do. Is it possible for us to love one another like Jesus did? Sure, the question is, will we? Matthew 5:43-46 "You have heard that it was said, 'Love your neighbor and hate your enemy.' 44But I tell you: Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, 45that you may be sons of your Father in heaven. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. 46If you love those who love you, what reward will you get? Are not even the tax collectors doing that? Verse 35 Jesus says this is how the world will know you are my Disciples. We are called to a higher standard of love. What kind of love do you have for others? You don’t have to answer that here. Verse 36-38 – Peter doesn’t understand why he can’t go with Jesus and goes on to say “I will lay down my life for you”. You have to imagine Peter has been by Jesus side for 3 years, and to have Jesus say to him “you will disown me 3 times”. That would have shattered Peter’s mind at that moment. Peter puts too much confidence in his own strength, later he will understand that he needs the Holy Spirit to empower him. We know later Peter was not only crucified for Christ, but that he requested to be crucified upside down because he didn’t think himself worthy to die like Jesus. Philippians 4:13 I can do everything through him who gives me strength.

Copyright © by Crossroad2Faith All Right Reserved.

Published on: 2010-02-18 (918 reads)

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