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John Chapter 10 Study by SHALOM





John Chapter 10 Read John 10:1-10 What hours did the shepherd work? (The shepherd worked around the clock.) Middle Eastern cultures understood what shepherding was all about. It was about feeding the lambs and the sheep, bringing them to good pasture lands and water, grooming and clipping them, delivering new lambs, leading them and teaching them to stay together, going off after the wandering lost ones, and protecting the sheep in the field and the Shepherd would have all the sheep corralled in a pen at night, so the wild animals couldn’t get to them, then the Shepherd would sit down at the open gate and nothing could get the sheep as long as he was there. A shepherd of Jesus' day would wear a cotton tunic held together by a leather cord belt, upon which hung a leather pouch to carry dried fruit, or small stones for the sling which also hung upon his belt. The sling was used not only to ward off predators, but to draw wandering sheep, as an experienced shepherd would have such precise aim that he would be able to drop a stone right in front of the nose of a straying sheep, thereby herding it back to the flock. Another item attached to the belt of the shepherd was a horn of oil. Oil was used to anoint the heads of the sheep in the flock, not only as an insect repellent, but also to reduce the friction which occurred when, acting like goats, the sheep would butt each other. Fourthly, attached to the shepherd's belt was a small club-like instrument called a rod, used to fight predators in close `hand-to-hand combat' situations. The rod was also used as an instrument of correction, for if a lamb continually, persistently wandered away from the flock, the shepherd would use the rod to break its legs. Then he would put the lamb on his shoulders and carry it until its legs healed. When at last the lamb was again able to walk on its own, because of the bonding which took place during the time the shepherd carried the lamb on his shoulders, it never again wandered. Finally, in his hand the shepherd held a staff — a large stick seven or eight feet long with a crook at one end with which the shepherd would hook lambs or sheep headed in the wrong direction. With this picture of a Middle-Eastern shepherd in mind, Jesus begins His discourse. During certain times of the year, shepherds would lead their flocks away from the village to greener pastures where the feeding was better. At night, the shepherds kept their sheep in temporary sheepfolds made of brush. When the sheep remained in the village, however, all of the shepherds of the community brought their sheep into a common sheepfold which had stone walls six or seven feet high. Theft from these communal sheepfolds was common. A two-man operation, a thief would stand upon the shoulders of a partner and climb into the sheepfold. Then, with great stealth, he would slit the throats of four or five sheep and toss them over the wall to his buddy. While the sheep stayed in the communal sheepfold, all of the shepherds would return home each night except the one who would act as a porter, or watchman. In the morning, the shepherds would return for their flocks. How did they know whose sheep was whose if they were all mixed together in the sheepfold? Each shepherd had a distinctive call, or song, to which only his own sheep responded. Sheep are experts at discerning their shepherd's voice. During World War I, some Turkish soldiers tried to steal a flock of sheep from a hillside from Jerusalem. The shepherd, who had been sleeping, awoke to find his flock being driven off. He couldn't recapture them by force, so he called out to his flock with his distinctive call. The sheep listened, and returned to their rightful owner. The soldiers couldn't stop the sheep from returning to their shepherd's voice. What is the significance of Jesus being the "Door of the Sheep"? Jesus Christ is the Good Shepherd. Psalm 23: John 14:6 6Jesus answered, "I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. Ephesians 3:12 In him and through faith in him we may approach God with freedom and confidence. Read John 10:11-13. Why is it appropriate for Jesus to compare Himself to a good shepherd? Jesus shows us why he came, to lay down His life for us Luke 15:4 "Suppose one of you has a hundred sheep and loses one of them. Does he not leave the ninety-nine in the open country and go after the lost sheep until he finds it? Read John 10:14-18 What light does this shed about trying to tell whether miracle workers are imposters or sent by God? (We can recognize the voice of our master) Who or what is my master, if I listen to the philosophy of this world, then what hope do I have of recognizing the voice of Jesus? On the other hand, if I take the time to study the Bible, if my goal is to walk with God, then I will recognize the voice of the Good Shepherd. We have to have discernment. There are so many religions, cults and New Age theologies, only the followers of Jesus will know His voice. What did the Pharisees say in chapter 9:16 "This man is not from God, for he does not keep the Sabbath." "He broke the Sabbath, no need to look any further." If they had looked deeper into what Jesus said and did, they would have recognized the one they had read about and were actually waiting for. But they are not from the flock of Jesus, the Good Shepherd. Jesus teaches us that we will know His voice, we will know Him. We see cults like the Branch Davidians, some thought David Koresh was Jesus. And the Jim Jones crowd, some thought he was Jesus. They didn’t discern because they did not study who the real (Messiah) Jesus was and is. Read John 10:19-21 Here again we see those who knew God (knew His voice) and those who did not. They actually call Jesus demon-possesed. Calling the work of God, the work of the devil. Matthew 12:22-32 Then they brought him a demon-possessed man who was blind and mute, and Jesus healed him, so that he could both talk and see. 23All the people were astonished and said, "Could this be the Son of David?"24But when the Pharisees heard this, they said, "It is only by Beelzebub,[d] the prince of demons, that this fellow drives out demons." (goes on to talk about a house divided against itself will not stand) 32Anyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but anyone who speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the age to come. This is blasphemy of the Holy Spirit, calling the work of God, the work of the devil. Read John 10:22-24 Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, is celebrated for eight days, commencing on the 25th day of the month of Kislev (November/December), to commemorate the victory of the Jews over the Hellenist Syrians in 165 BC. Following their victory, the Maccabees, sons of the Priestly Hasmonean family which led the Jews in their revolt against the Syrian overlords, entered the Holy Temple in Jerusalem defiled by the Syrian invaders, cleansed it and dedicated it anew to the service of God. Then, in memory of their victory, the Maccabees celebrated the first Hanukkah. (Hanukkah is the Hebrew term for dedication). The Talmud, the body of Jewish oral law, relates how the Judean heroes, led by Judah Maccabee, were making ready to rededicate the Temple and were unable to find enough undefiled oil to light the lamps. However, in one of the Temple chambers, they finally came upon a small cruse of oil which, under normal circumstances, would have lasted only one evening. Miraculously, this small amount of oil kept the Temple lights burning, not for one night, but for all the eight nights until new oil fit for use in the temple could be obtained. This is the miracle commemorated by the kindling of the Hanukkah lights. I find it odd that these Jews celebrated a festival surrounding a miracle from the past and yet right before them was the miracle maker Himself and they rejected Him. Read John 10:25-30 His miracles spoke for themselves as to who He was, then He tells the unbelieving people they are not His sheep. Notice what He says in verse 27, “My sheep listen to my voice; I know them, and they follow me”, there is coming a day when Jesus will say “I know you” or “ I never knew you” Matthew 7:23 Then I will tell them plainly, 'I never knew you. Away from me, you evildoers!' Anyone who thinks they can earn their way into heaven without truly knowing Jesus will be turned away. 28 & 29 “no one can snatch them out of my hand” “no one can snatch them out of my Fathers hand” The Pharisees were not only in danger of missing the door to Heaven through Jesus, they were also in danger of turning others away from Him. 30 When Jesus said this, they knew right away what He was claiming. He was claiming to be God! Read John 10:31, 33 See how quick this escalated, they went from tell us plainly if You are the Christ, to now ready to stone Him for blasphemy. Read John 10:34-39 34 Jesus is referring to Psalm 82:6 a psalm of Asaph Psalm 82:6 "I said, 'You are "gods"; you are all sons of the Most High.' Jesus is referring to the Judges who were representing God and executing His judgment. 35 Matthew 24:35 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away. 36 Jesus asks them how they can accuse the One God has sent, again they don’t really know God, they just know rules and regulations. To be accused of blasphemy meant they wanted to kill Him, the Law against blasphemy did not pertain to those claiming to be 'a god,' but was specific to defaming the name of YHWH, Lev. 24:16 Leviticus 24:16 anyone who blasphemes the name of the LORD must be put to death. The entire assembly must stone him. Whether an alien or native-born, when he blasphemes the Name, he must be put to death. Jesus was a master at cornering the Pharisees with their theology, their thinking was human and Jesus’ thinking was divine. 37-39 Jesus says “Do not believe me unless I do what my Father does”. Or at least believe the miracles, so you can understand the Father is in me. I think the Pharisees knew they couldn’t dispute Him and didn’t want to be contradicted in front of everybody, the only thing they could think to do is seize Him. Read John 10:40-42 This group of people are the sheep that Jesus was talking about earlier in John chapter 9. They were most likely common everyday people, just like us.









Copyright © by Crossroad2Faith All Right Reserved.

Published on: 2010-02-04 (845 reads)

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